Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on Treasury Bills in Nigeria


  1. What are Treasury Bills (T-Bills) in Nigeria?

    Treasury Bills, often abbreviated as T-Bills, are short-term debt instruments issued by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) on behalf of the Federal Government. These bills are used to raise funds to finance government projects and are considered one of the safest investment options in Nigeria.

  2. How do Treasury Bills work?

    Investors purchase T-Bills at a discount to their face value and hold them until maturity, typically ranging from 91 days to 364 days. Upon maturity, investors receive the face value of the bill, and the difference between the purchase price and face value represents their return on investment.

  3. Who can invest in Treasury Bills in Nigeria?

    T-Bills are open to both individual and institutional investors, including banks, pension funds, and foreign investors. There are no restrictions on eligibility, making them accessible to a wide range of investors.

  4. Where can I buy Treasury Bills in Nigeria?

    You can buy Treasury Bills through authorized dealers such as commercial banks and other financial institutions. Many banks offer online platforms for T-Bill purchases, making it convenient for investors.

  5. What is the minimum investment amount for Treasury Bills in Nigeria?

    The minimum investment amount for T-Bills may vary depending on the issuer and the platform used. However, it is typically within the range of N100,000 to N1,000,000.

  6. Are Treasury Bills in Nigeria risk-free?

    While T-Bills are considered relatively safe investments, they are not entirely risk-free. The primary risk is interest rate risk, which means that if market interest rates rise, the value of existing T-Bills may decline when compared to new issuances. However, the Nigerian government’s commitment to servicing its debt makes T-Bills one of the safest investment options in the country.

  7. How are Treasury Bills taxed in Nigeria?

    As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, T-Bills in Nigeria are exempt from withholding tax, making them a tax-efficient investment option.

  8. Can I sell my Treasury Bills before maturity?

    Yes, you can sell your T-Bills before their maturity date in the secondary market through authorized dealers or brokers. However, the price you receive may be higher or lower than the initial purchase price, depending on prevailing interest rates.

  9. What is the difference between Treasury Bills and other government securities in Nigeria?

    Treasury Bills are short-term government debt instruments with maturities ranging from 91 days to 364 days. Other government securities, such as Federal Government Bonds, have longer maturities and may pay semi-annual or annual interest.

  10. How do I calculate the yield on Treasury Bills in Nigeria?

    The yield on T-Bills is calculated using the formula:

    Yield = (Face Value – Purchase Price) / (Purchase Price) x (365 / Days to Maturity) x 100%

  11. Are Treasury Bills a good investment choice in Nigeria?

    Treasury Bills can be a suitable investment choice for individuals and institutions looking for a low-risk, short-term investment option. They provide a predictable return and liquidity. However, it’s essential to consider your financial goals and risk tolerance when making investment decisions.

  12. Where can I get more information about Treasury Bills in Nigeria?

    You can find detailed information about T-Bills on the Central Bank of Nigeria’s website, consult with your bank’s customer service, or seek advice from a financial advisor or investment expert.

Please note that regulations and conditions related to Treasury Bills in Nigeria may change over time, so it’s essential to consult with the relevant authorities or financial institutions for the most up-to-date information before making investment decisions.

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