Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on Equities in Nigeria

Investing in equities, also known as stocks or shares, can be an effective way to grow your wealth in Nigeria. However, it’s essential to understand the market and its dynamics before making any investment decisions. Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) to help you navigate the world of equities investing in Nigeria:

1. What are equities, and how do they work in Nigeria?

Equities represent ownership in a company. When you buy a company’s shares, you become a shareholder and have a stake in the company’s profits and losses. In Nigeria, the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) is the primary platform for trading equities.

2. Why should I consider investing in Nigerian equities?

Investing in Nigerian equities can provide opportunities for capital appreciation and dividend income. It’s a way to participate in the growth of Nigerian companies and the broader economy.

3. How do I get started with equities investing in Nigeria?

To start investing in Nigerian equities, you’ll need to open a brokerage account with a registered stockbroker. This account will allow you to buy and sell shares on the NSE.

4. What are the risks associated with investing in Nigerian equities?

Investing in equities carries inherent risks. The value of your investments can go up or down, depending on market conditions. Factors like economic instability, political changes, and company-specific issues can affect stock prices.

5. What types of companies are listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange?

The NSE lists a wide range of companies, including banks, telecommunications firms, oil and gas companies, manufacturing companies, and more. You can invest in both domestic and international companies listed on the exchange.

6. How can I research and choose which Nigerian stocks to invest in?

Research is crucial. You can start by analyzing a company’s financial reports, studying market trends, and considering the long-term potential of the business. It’s also helpful to seek advice from financial experts or use research tools provided by your brokerage.

7. What is the role of a stockbroker in Nigerian equities investing?

Stockbrokers are intermediaries that facilitate the buying and selling of stocks on your behalf. They execute your orders and provide guidance on market trends and investment opportunities. ARM Securities is an example of a Stockbroker

8. How much money do I need to start investing in Nigerian equities?

The amount you need to start investing in Nigerian equities varies, but it’s possible to start with a relatively small sum. Your brokerage may have minimum investment requirements, so check with them for specific details.

9. How are dividends taxed in Nigeria?

In Nigeria, dividends are subject to withholding tax. The rate may vary, but it’s typically around 10%. Ensure you understand the tax implications of your investments and consult a tax professional if needed.

10. What is the best strategy for investing in Nigerian equities?

There’s no one-size-fits-all strategy. It’s essential to diversify your portfolio, stay informed, and consider your financial goals and risk tolerance. Long-term investing is generally a sound approach.

11. How can I stay updated on the Nigerian stock market and my investments?

You can follow financial news, use stock market apps, and regularly check your brokerage account for updates on your portfolio.

12. Can I invest in Nigerian equities if I live outside Nigeria?

Yes, non-resident investors can invest in Nigerian equities. You’ll need to open a brokerage account with a broker that caters to international investors and comply with Nigerian regulations.

Remember that investing involves risks, and it’s crucial to do your due diligence, seek advice when necessary, and make informed decisions when investing in Nigerian equities. Consult with a financial advisor or a knowledgeable professional for personalized guidance.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on Treasury Bills in Nigeria


  1. What are Treasury Bills (T-Bills) in Nigeria?

    Treasury Bills, often abbreviated as T-Bills, are short-term debt instruments issued by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) on behalf of the Federal Government. These bills are used to raise funds to finance government projects and are considered one of the safest investment options in Nigeria.

  2. How do Treasury Bills work?

    Investors purchase T-Bills at a discount to their face value and hold them until maturity, typically ranging from 91 days to 364 days. Upon maturity, investors receive the face value of the bill, and the difference between the purchase price and face value represents their return on investment.

  3. Who can invest in Treasury Bills in Nigeria?

    T-Bills are open to both individual and institutional investors, including banks, pension funds, and foreign investors. There are no restrictions on eligibility, making them accessible to a wide range of investors.

  4. Where can I buy Treasury Bills in Nigeria?

    You can buy Treasury Bills through authorized dealers such as commercial banks and other financial institutions. Many banks offer online platforms for T-Bill purchases, making it convenient for investors.

  5. What is the minimum investment amount for Treasury Bills in Nigeria?

    The minimum investment amount for T-Bills may vary depending on the issuer and the platform used. However, it is typically within the range of N100,000 to N1,000,000.

  6. Are Treasury Bills in Nigeria risk-free?

    While T-Bills are considered relatively safe investments, they are not entirely risk-free. The primary risk is interest rate risk, which means that if market interest rates rise, the value of existing T-Bills may decline when compared to new issuances. However, the Nigerian government’s commitment to servicing its debt makes T-Bills one of the safest investment options in the country.

  7. How are Treasury Bills taxed in Nigeria?

    As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, T-Bills in Nigeria are exempt from withholding tax, making them a tax-efficient investment option.

  8. Can I sell my Treasury Bills before maturity?

    Yes, you can sell your T-Bills before their maturity date in the secondary market through authorized dealers or brokers. However, the price you receive may be higher or lower than the initial purchase price, depending on prevailing interest rates.

  9. What is the difference between Treasury Bills and other government securities in Nigeria?

    Treasury Bills are short-term government debt instruments with maturities ranging from 91 days to 364 days. Other government securities, such as Federal Government Bonds, have longer maturities and may pay semi-annual or annual interest.

  10. How do I calculate the yield on Treasury Bills in Nigeria?

    The yield on T-Bills is calculated using the formula:

    Yield = (Face Value – Purchase Price) / (Purchase Price) x (365 / Days to Maturity) x 100%

  11. Are Treasury Bills a good investment choice in Nigeria?

    Treasury Bills can be a suitable investment choice for individuals and institutions looking for a low-risk, short-term investment option. They provide a predictable return and liquidity. However, it’s essential to consider your financial goals and risk tolerance when making investment decisions.

  12. Where can I get more information about Treasury Bills in Nigeria?

    You can find detailed information about T-Bills on the Central Bank of Nigeria’s website, consult with your bank’s customer service, or seek advice from a financial advisor or investment expert.

Please note that regulations and conditions related to Treasury Bills in Nigeria may change over time, so it’s essential to consult with the relevant authorities or financial institutions for the most up-to-date information before making investment decisions.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on Commercial Paper Investment in Nigeria

1. What is Commercial Paper (CP)?

Commercial Paper (CP) is a short-term debt instrument issued by corporations, financial institutions, and sometimes the government to raise funds for their working capital and short-term financial needs. CPs are typically unsecured and have maturities ranging from a few days to one year.

2. How does Commercial Paper investment work in Nigeria?

In Nigeria, investors can purchase CPs directly from issuing companies or through the secondary market. To invest, you need to have a brokerage account with a registered stockbroker like ARM Securities or dealer in the Nigerian capital market.

3. Who issues Commercial Paper in Nigeria?

CPs in Nigeria are typically issued by well-established companies, including banks, corporations, and other financial institutions. The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) also issues CPs to manage liquidity in the banking system.

4. What is the typical maturity period for Commercial Papers in Nigeria?

Commercial Papers in Nigeria typically have maturities ranging from 30 days to 365 days, although some may have shorter or longer tenors depending on the issuer’s needs.

5. How do I invest in Commercial Paper in Nigeria as an individual investor?

To invest in CPs in Nigeria as an individual, you should contact a registered stockbroker or dealer who can guide you through the process. They will help you identify suitable CPs and facilitate the purchase.

6. What are the risks associated with investing in Commercial Paper in Nigeria?

While CPs are generally considered low-risk investments, there are still some risks involved. These may include credit risk (the issuer’s ability to repay), interest rate risk (fluctuations in market interest rates), and liquidity risk (difficulty in selling the CP before maturity).

7. Can foreigners invest in Nigerian Commercial Papers?

Yes, foreigners can invest in Nigerian Commercial Papers. The Central Bank of Nigeria has provisions for foreign portfolio investors to participate in the Nigerian capital market.

8. Are Commercial Papers in Nigeria regulated?

Yes, Commercial Papers in Nigeria are regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). These regulatory bodies establish guidelines and rules to govern the issuance and trading of CPs to protect investors.

9. How can I check the creditworthiness of an issuer before investing in their Commercial Paper?

Before investing, you should conduct due diligence on the issuer. This includes reviewing their financial statements, credit ratings (if available), and assessing their reputation in the market. Additionally, seek advice from financial experts or analysts.

10. What are the tax implications of investing in Commercial Papers in Nigeria?

The tax implications of investing in CPs can vary depending on the specific circumstances and tax laws in Nigeria. It’s advisable to consult a tax professional or financial advisor to understand the tax implications of your CP investments.

11. Can I sell my Commercial Paper investment before it matures? – Yes, you can sell your CP investment in the secondary market before it matures. However, the price you receive may be influenced by market conditions and the remaining time to maturity.

12. How do I redeem my investment when my Commercial Paper matures? – The issuer will typically redeem your CP investment at the end of its maturity period. You will receive the face value of the CP along with any accrued interest directly to your designated bank account.

13. Are Commercial Papers a suitable investment for short-term financial goals? – Yes, Commercial Papers are well-suited for short-term financial goals due to their relatively short maturity periods. They can provide a source of liquidity and yield for investors with short-term cash needs.

14. What should I consider before investing in Commercial Papers in Nigeria? – Before investing, consider your risk tolerance, investment goals, and the creditworthiness of the issuer. Diversifying your investment portfolio is also a prudent strategy to manage risk.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on FGN Saving Bonds


  1. What is the Federal Government of Nigeria Saving Bond?

    The Federal Government of Nigeria Saving Bond is a debt security issued by the Nigerian government through the Debt Management Office (DMO) to raise funds for various government projects and activities. It is designed to encourage small-scale investors to participate in government financing by providing a safe and accessible investment option.

  2. How do Federal Government Saving Bonds work?

    Investors purchase bonds with a fixed interest rate and maturity period. The government pays periodic interest (coupon payments) to investors, and upon maturity, the initial investment is returned. These bonds are typically issued in two tenors: 2-year and 3-year bonds.

  3. Who can invest in Federal Government Saving Bonds?

    These bonds are open to all Nigerian citizens, residents, and organizations, including individuals, corporate bodies, and institutions. Non-resident Nigerians can also invest in the bonds.

  4. What is the minimum investment amount for Federal Government Saving Bonds?

    The minimum investment amount for the bonds is usually 5,000 Naira, making it an accessible option for small-scale investors.

  5. How can I purchase Federal Government Saving Bonds?

    Investors can buy these bonds through authorized distribution agents, which include commercial banks and investment companies like ARM Securities. You can also use the Central Bank of Nigeria’s Treasury Bills and Bonds Account (T-Bills)

  6. Are Federal Government Saving Bonds safe?

    Yes, these bonds are considered safe investments as they are backed by the full faith and credit of the Federal Government of Nigeria. They are considered low-risk because the government has a strong track record of meeting its debt obligations.

  7. What is the interest rate on Federal Government Saving Bonds?

    The interest rates on these bonds vary and are determined by the government. Rates are typically competitive and subject to change with each new issuance. The interest is paid semi-annually.

  8. Can I sell my Federal Government Saving Bonds before maturity?

    Yes, you can sell your bonds before maturity through the secondary market. However, the market for these bonds may be less liquid than other securities, so it’s important to be aware of potential liquidity issues.

  9. Is the interest earned on Federal Government Saving Bonds taxable?

    Interest income earned on these bonds is usually exempt from federal and state taxes, making them a tax-efficient investment option.

  10. What happens when my Federal Government Saving Bond matures?

    When your bond matures, you will receive the initial principal amount along with the final coupon payment. You can choose to reinvest in new bonds or cash out the proceeds.

  11. Can I use Federal Government Saving Bonds as collateral for a loan?

    Yes, you can use these bonds as collateral for loans and other financial transactions.

  12. Where can I find more information about Federal Government Saving Bonds?

    You can visit the Debt Management Office (DMO) website or contact authorized distribution agents, such as commercial banks, for detailed information on current bond offerings, interest rates, and the application process.

Understanding Estate Planning and Succession Planning: A Guide

Estate Planning

By Mofoluke Keshinro TEP

Have you ever wondered if estate planning and succession planning are the same thing? It’s a common misconception, but we’ll try to clear up the confusion and highlight the differences between these two important concepts. Join us as we explore the world of estate planning and succession planning and uncover the benefits they offer.

Estate Planning Unveiled

Imagine estate planning as a blueprint for managing, preserving, and transferring your assets to your chosen beneficiaries when you’re no longer around. The goal is to ensure a smooth transition of your hard-earned wealth to your loved ones. Estate planning involves creating a will, setting up a living trust, considering powers of attorney, and more. It’s about safeguarding your legacy and making sure your wishes are carried out.

Estate planning isn’t just about personal assets – it can include business interests, real estate, and other valuable possessions. By having an estate plan, you can minimize taxes, name guardians for minor children, and even outline funeral directives.

Decoding Succession Planning

This is a strategic process for choosing and preparing future leaders within a business. Unlike estate planning, succession planning focuses on ensuring the continuity of a company. It’s about grooming the next generation of leaders to carry the torch and maintain the legacy of the business founder.

Succession planning involves identifying potential successors, providing training, and mentoring, and creating a seamless transition plan. The aim is to ensure the business thrives even after the original owner steps down. Succession planning ensures the business’s sustainability and growth across generations.

The Benefits Unveiled

Estate planning and succession planning offer a host of benefits:

Estate Planning:

  • Helps to create a clear plan for your assets, including business interests
  • Enables you to nominate guardians for minor children
  • Helps you plan in the event of incapacitation
  • Allows you to decide how your assets are distributed
  • Gives you control over selecting executors and trustees
  • Facilitates the smooth administration of your estate

Succession Planning:

  • Guards against business collapse due to owner’s absence
  • Identifies and develops future leaders
  • Fosters innovation and fresh ideas
  • Preserves the founder’s legacy
  • Ensures business continuity

Setting Up a Succession Plan

Creating a business succession plan involves these steps:

  1. Identify potential successors within the family or company.
  2. Develop a training plan to bridge competency gaps.
  3. Allow potential successors to take on more responsibilities and have mentors.
  4. Provide skill development opportunities.
  5. Create a transition plan and communicate it to stakeholders.
  6. Update the plan to reflect changes in operations and innovation.

Expert Guidance Is Key

Whether it’s estate planning or succession planning, expert guidance is invaluable. ARM Trustees Limited can assist you in setting up an estate plan that suits your needs, including family, assets, and business interests. For succession planning, we can guide you through the process, ensuring your directives are captured in a single document for seamless generational transfer.

Remember, estate planning is essential for everyone, while succession planning is particularly important for business owners. Secure your legacy and ensure a prosperous future for yourself and generations

Interested in setting us a, Estate Plan today? Contact us or send  us an email to [email protected]